The European Commission issued the “Seventh Report on the Progress made in the Implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement,” in which it is says that 13 EU member states have not yet admitted migrants from Turkey.
Explaining that the deal between parties is playing a key role in ensuring that Turkey and the EU are efficient in addressing the migrant issue, the report says that member states Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and the U.K. have not yet accepted refugees from Turkey.
The report also says that the 8,834 people have been resettled from Turkey in accordance with the country’s deal with the EU, and added that 15 EU member states – Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Portugal, Romania Spain, Sweden and the Netherlands – have accepted refugees as part of the deal.
Issued on Sept. 6, the European Commission report covers irregular migration and Turkey’s efforts in the migration crisis. It says out that the number of people who tried to cross to Greece from Turkey decreased to 93 people per day between June 9 and Aug. 31, and that arrivals over the Greek-Turkish land border have also remained low.
Explaining that the EU has ramped up efforts to address refugees’ problems in Turkey, the report says that the EU increased its disbursements.”Currently, out of the 3 billion euros for 2016-2017, contracts have been signed for 48 projects for a total amount of 1.664 billion euros (up from 1.572 billion euros) and disbursements have reached 838 million euros (up from 811 million euros),” the report says.
It also says that “113 fatalities and missing persons have been recorded in the Aegean Sea since the activation of the EU-Turkey Statement,” according to International Organization for Migration (IOM) data. It says that prior to the deal, that number was 1,150 and the number of deaths in the Aegean Sea has dropped significantly.
There are also still people crossing from Turkey despite the country’s Aegean Hope and Safe Med operations, and the report says that “23 boats, with a total of 1,363 migrants, arrived in Italy from Turkey and two boats arrived in Cyprus with a total of 228 migrants, all Syrians, on board.”
The report recommends that conditions on the Greek islands be improved, saying that there is an urgent need for additional efforts from Greek authorities to improve conditions.
The report conclu
ded that the EU-Turkey deal is delivering concrete results in reducing irregular migration, adding that the cooperation between Turkey and the EU should continue as the push factors for migration still remain a challenge.
Turkey and the EU signed a refugee deal in March 2016, to discourage irregular migration across the Aegean Sea by taking stricter measures against human traffickers and improving the conditions of the nearly 3 million refugees in Turkey. The March 2016 deal employs a one-for-one formula under which failed asylum seekers in Europe are returned to Turkey while Syrian refugees are resettled in EU states in a quota system. As another part of the deal, the EU said it would open two chapters in Ankara’s EU accession negotiations, provide funding for refugees and grant visa-free travel to Turkish citizens to the Schengen zone. Ankara criticizes the EU for not holding to its promises and for not granting visa-free travel within the Schengen zone.