UNICEF and the Government of Turkey launched the extension of the national Conditional Cash Transfer for Education (CCTE) to promote attendance, reduce drop-out, and encourage enrolment for some 230,000 vulnerable refugee children. Over 56,000 Syrian children received their first payment on 31 May.
UNICEF signed a partnership with the Kilis Municipality to strengthen collaboration at the local level and support the expansion of child protection, early childhood education, and non-formal and informal education services to refugee children.
From 3 to 18 May, UNICEF provided support to the Ministry of Health for a second nationwide vaccination campaign for refugee and migrant children under five. Nearly 358,000 children were reached, and approximately 98,000 doses of Pentavalent, 29,000 doses of MMR and 66,000 doses of Hepatitis B vaccines were administered.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The number of refugees, migrants and asylum seekers registered in Turkey remained relatively static, at just over 3.3 million. Of these, nearly 3 million are Syrians – including over 1.3 million children – while the remaining 310,000 are nationals primarily from Iraq (133,886) and Afghanistan (131,588).1 Along the western coast of Turkey, the number of refugees and migrant attempting to cross into Europe increased in May, possibly a result of warming weather and calmer seas. According to UNHCR, 2,110 people arrived by sea from Turkey to Greece in May – a 35% increase over April – including 737 children. An additional 1,600 were rescued or apprehended while attempting to cross by land and sea2, including around 350 children – 12 of whom were unaccompanied and/or separated minors.
Under the framework of the EU-Turkey Statement, five rounds of returns took place in May for 87 people (all adult single males), bringing the total number of people re-admitted to Turkey since the Statement came into effect, to 1,181.